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dc.contributor.advisorLinnet Hamasien_US
dc.contributor.authorCheruiyot, Evans Kibet
dc.date.accessioned2023-08-04T07:29:20Z
dc.date.available2023-08-04T07:29:20Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.identifier.urihttp://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/26530
dc.descriptionA Project Report Submitted to the School of Law, Arts and Social Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of Degree of Masters of Arts in International Relations and Diplomacy of Kenyatta University, May 2023.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of the research study was to establish the efficacy of the African Union's Peace and Security Council intervention (PSC) efforts in the Darfur conflict. The mandate of the African Union PSC is to promote peace and security, anticipation and prevention of conflicts thus ensuring political, economic, and social stability in Africa. The study's core objectives were to examine 1564 of the 2004 Peace and Security Council mandate in the Darfur conflict meant to end the violence in Darfur and the protection of civilians. Secondly, the research was to assess the mobilization of the resources by the Peace and Security for resolving the Darfur conflict. Lastly, the study analyzed the Peace and Security Council's intervention efforts in ending the Darfur conflict. The research utilized the institutional liberal theory as it was the most suitable theory for explaining the efficacy of the PSC of the African Union (AU). The liberalist thoughts allowed for an elaborate critique of the mobilization strategy of the PSC, the utilization of the resources, and the mandate of the African Mission in Sudan (AMIS) peacekeepers in Darfur. The study utilized the descriptive research design. The descriptive research design was suitable for the study as it allowed the collection of data that was qualitative. The study's data collection methods used both primary sources of data and secondary sources of data. The primary data gathering instruments for the study adopted the use of interviews while the secondary data was derived through desktop review. The purposive sampling proved suitable for acquiring the key informants for the study. The data obtained from the interview was transcribed and coded for data to be in meaningful and organized forms. Inductive analyses were used to discover themes and patterns of the research problem. Further, the research utilized deductive analysis which proved essential in ensuring that the data generated was in line with the conceptual framework of the study. Corroboration of data was essential in enhancing the validity of the data acquired. The study demonstrated that the PSC arrived at the resolution to intervene in Darfur through consensus. The formulation of a restrictive mandate meant to address the Darfur conflict constrained the AMIS peacekeeper's efficiency. The African Union Commission exhibited more powers and influence beyond its legal framework in influencing the decisions on the Darfur intervention. The slow operationalization of the key organs meant to assist the PSC in delivering its mandate led to the administrative running of the Darfur intervention in a disjointed manner. The PSC relied on external donors for funds and military equipment, moreover, there was slow compliance from the AU member states in availing AMIS troops and they failed to raise the minimum required number. The monitoring of PSC resource utilization in the Darfur intervention was poor thus resulting in high administrative costs than operational costs. The Darfur intervention failed to bring peace in Darfur due to the lack of a robust mandate and timely adequate resources availing from the AU member states. All these essential elements require good political will and commitment from the AU member states which were solely missed in the Darfur intervention thus the mission failed to restore peace in Darfur.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipKenyatta Universityen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherKenyatta Universityen_US
dc.subjectAfrican Union Peace and Securityen_US
dc.subjectAfrican Union Peace and Security Council Interventionen_US
dc.subjectDarfuren_US
dc.subjectDarfur Conflicten_US
dc.subjectDarfur Conflict (2004-2021)en_US
dc.titleThe African Union Peace and Security Council Intervention in Darfur Conflict (2004-2021)en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US


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