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dc.contributor.authorHuang, Liping
dc.contributor.authorOjo, Adedayo E.
dc.contributor.authorKimiywe, Judith
dc.contributor.authorKibet, Alex
dc.contributor.authorAle, Boni M.
dc.contributor.authorOkoro, Clementina E.
dc.contributor.authorLouie, Jimmy
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Fraser
dc.contributor.authorHuffman, Mark D.
dc.contributor.authorOjji, Dike B.
dc.contributor.authorWu, Jason H. Y.
dc.contributor.authorMarklund, Matti
dc.date.accessioned2023-07-17T13:36:06Z
dc.date.available2023-07-17T13:36:06Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.identifier.citationHuang, L.; Ojo, A.E.; Kimiywe, J.; Kibet, A.; Ale, B.M.; Okoro, C.E.; Louie, J.; Taylor, F.; Huffman, M.D.; Ojji, D.B.; et al. Presence of trans-Fatty Acids Containing Ingredients in Pre-Packaged Foods and the Availability of Reported trans-Fat Levels in Kenya and Nigeria. Nutrients 2023, 15, 761. https://doi.org/10.3390/ nu15030761en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/nu15030761
dc.identifier.urihttp://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/26270
dc.descriptionarticleen_US
dc.description.abstractIn most African countries, the prevalence of industrially produced trans-fatty acids (iTFA) in the food supply is unknown. We estimated the number and proportion of products containing specific (any hydrogenated edible oils) and non-specific (vegetable fat, margarine, and vegetable cream) ingredients potentially indicative of iTFAs among pre-packaged foods collected in Kenya and Nigeria. We also summarized the number and proportion of products that reported transfatty acids levels and the range of reported trans-fatty acids levels. In total, 99 out of 5668 (1.7%) products in Kenya and 310 out of 6316 (4.9%) products in Nigeria contained specific ingredients indicative of iTFAs. Bread and bakery products and confectioneries in both countries had the most foods that contained iTFAs-indicative ingredients. A total of 656 products (12%) in Kenya and 624 products (10%) in Nigeria contained non-specific ingredients that may indicate the presence of iTFAs. The reporting of levels of trans-fatty acids was low in both Kenya and Nigeria (11% versus 26%, respectively, p < 0.001). With the increasing burden of ischemic heart disease in Kenya and Nigeria, the rapid adoption of WHO best-practice policies and the mandatory declaration of trans-fatty acids are important for eliminating iTFAsen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publishermdpien_US
dc.subjecttrans-fatty acidsen_US
dc.subjectpackaged fooden_US
dc.subjecthydrogenationen_US
dc.subjectcardiovascular diseaseen_US
dc.titlePresence of Trans-Fatty Acids Containing Ingredients in Pre-Packaged Foods and the Availability Of Reported Trans-Fat Levels in Kenya and Nigeriaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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