A comparative analysis of pupils' self- esteem in selected government and NGO's rehabilitation schools in Nairobi and Central provinces, Kenya.
Kinyua, P. M.
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Low self-esteem has been noted as one of the factors that affect one's aspiration in life, which in turn affects one's academic performance. One of the aims of rehabilitation of the disadvantaged children is to build their selfesteem. The purpose of this study was to explore, identify, analyse and compare the self-esteem of disadvantaged children in Government and NGO's rehabilitation Schools in Nairobi and Central provinces. The study also aimed at finding out the extent to which gender, age, level of education and ones environment affect his/ her self-esteem. The study included Kabete Kirigiti and Undugu society of Kenya rehabilitation centres. These centres were purposely selected. The children in these schools and centres were randomly selected from ages 10 to 16 years, who had been in the centre for at least one year and above. Sixty-one girls and thirty-eight boys participated in the study. Twenty nine of the participants were drawn from NGOs rehabilitation centres while seventy were drawn from Government rehabilitation schools. Selfesteem inventory was administered to these children in groups. t-test and analysis of variance were calculated to test the null hypotheses. The results of the study showed that there was no significant difference in the pupils selfesteem as pertains to gender, level of education, rehabilitation centre, time spent in the rehabilitation centre, and the reasons for committal into these rehabilitation centres. An interview schedule was also used in the study. Several issues affecting the government rehabilitation schools were raised during the interviews with the head-teachers and managers of these institutions. Considering the nature of children in the rehabilitation centres, the researcher recommended that Guidance and Counselling services be provided. The children in these institutions should be properly identified and assessed to establish their Educational and Psychological needs. The children in need of special protection and care and those committed of crime in the Government Rehabilitation Schools should be put in different sections as recommended in the Children's Act