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dc.contributor.authorKibet, P.K.
dc.contributor.authorMugwe, J.N.
dc.contributor.authorKorir, N.K.
dc.contributor.authorMucheru-Muna, M.W.
dc.contributor.authorNgetich, F.K.
dc.contributor.authorMugendi, D.N.
dc.date.accessioned2023-06-16T06:56:55Z
dc.date.available2023-06-16T06:56:55Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.identifier.citationkibet, Peter and Mugwe, Jayne N. and Korir, N.K and Mucheru-Muna, Monicah and Ngetich, F.K and Mugendi, D.N, Granular and Powdered Lime Improves Soil Properties and Maize (Zea mays L.) Performance in Humic Nitisols of Central Highlands in Kenya. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4301356 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4301356en_US
dc.identifier.otherHeliyon 9 (2023) e17286
dc.identifier.urihttp://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/25844
dc.descriptionArticleen_US
dc.description.abstractAcidic soils pose a major challenge for crop production in heavily weathered tropical soils, especially due to the high toxicity of aluminum (Al), low cation exchange capacity, and low availability of phosphorus (P) to plants. Lime application was recommended to alleviate soil acidity problems. Granular CaCO3 lime was introduced into the Kenyan market as an alternative to powdered CaCO3 and CaO-lime for small Kenyan farms, providing uniform distribution and efficient application. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the effectiveness of different types of powdered and granular lime individually and in combination with mineral fertilizers in improving soil properties and maize yield. The study was conducted at two sites, Kirege (extremely acidic) and Kangutu (moderately acidic). Experiments were conducted in a randomized complete block design repeated four times in two consecutive seasons: long rain (LR) in 2016 and short rain (SR) in 2016. Three types of lime were applied before planting. Selected chemical properties of the soil were analyzed before and after the experiment. Maize and stover yield data were collected and analyzed. Results showed that lime application significantly increased soil pH and decreased exchangeable acidity. Powdered calcium carbonate (CaCO3) showed the highest pH increase in both extreme (+19%) and moderate (+14%) acid sites. All types of lime and fertilizer applications alone significantly increased the available soil P at both the seasonal and site levels. However, maize grain yield was lower with fertilizer alone or lime alone than with lime and fertilizer combination. Powdered CaCO3+ fertilizer was found to give the highest grain yields on both very acidic (5.34 t ha-1) and moderately (3.71 t ha-1) acid sites. In the study, combining powdered CaCO3 lime with fertilizers was most effective in improving acidic soils by decreasing soil acidity and increasing available phosphorus, which ultimately increased grain yield. The results of this study recommend the use of powdered CaCO3 as an effective and practical solution for farmers facing soil acidification problems.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherHeliyonen_US
dc.subjectSoil acidityen_US
dc.subjectLimeen_US
dc.subjectMaizeen_US
dc.subjectNitrogenen_US
dc.subjectphosphorusen_US
dc.titleGranular and powdered lime improves soil properties and maize (Zea mays l.) performance in humic Nitisols of central highlands in Kenyaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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