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dc.contributor.authorGichuru, M Joseph
dc.contributor.authorMwonjoria, JK Maina
dc.contributor.authorMburu, N David
dc.contributor.authorMenza, C Nelson
dc.date.accessioned2023-03-31T10:13:54Z
dc.date.available2023-03-31T10:13:54Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.citationJoseph, G. M., Maina, M. J., David, M. N., & Nelson, M. C. (2022). Toxicity of Toddalia asiatica is associated with microcephaly and hypochondroplasia in mice.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2320-480X
dc.identifier.urihttp://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/25076
dc.descriptionArticleen_US
dc.description.abstractIn Kenya various plant extracts are widely used as folklore remedies for various ailments including malaria etc. However, use of these traditional remedies poses a risk to the users due to the scarcity of data on their safety including their teratogenic potential. Hence this study evaluated the teratogenic and sub-acute toxic effects of methanol: dichloromethane extract of Toddalia asiatica in animal mice. In the study, young female mice aged between 6-7weeks were mated with mature males and conception confirmed using vaginal plug, maternal weight and breast enlargement. Administration of the dosed of the plant extract and controls was done from day 6 through 15 of gestation. The mice were euthanized on the 19th day of gestation. The weight of the gravid uterus, pups, number of pups and gross examination to identify any physical abnormalities was done. In the toxicity study male mice aged between 6-7 weeks received oral administration of high doses of plant extract and the control daily for 28 days. On the 29th day animals were sacrificed, cardiac puncture conducted and collected blood for hematology and biochemistry analysis. The data obtained was analyzed using one way ANOVA followed by Tukey as the post hoc test. Statistical significance was set p < 0.05. The extracts caused significant reduction (p<0.001) in head size, birth weights and length of the limbs but no effects on hematology parameters. Hence the plant extract exhibited teratogenic effects and thus should be used with care during pregnancyen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipDaniel Gitongaen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherThe Journal of Phytopharmacologyen_US
dc.subjectTeratogenen_US
dc.subjectToddalia acaciaen_US
dc.subjectMicrocephalyen_US
dc.subjectHypochondroplasiaen_US
dc.titleToxicity of Toddalia Asiatica is Associated with Microcephaly and Hypochondroplasia in Miceen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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