Working Capital Management and Financial Performance of Energy and Petroleum Firms Listed at the Nairobi Securities Exchange, Kenya
Olambo, Tobias Chacha
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Due to insufficient working capital and poor WCM, many companies in Kenya experience issues connected to illiquidity, which has a detrimental effect on financial performance.Matters are made worse, financial performance of publicly traded companies in the energy and oil sectors has changed over time. Some years performance improved, some years worsened.In general, a number of publicly traded businesses in the energy and petroleum industries failed to reach their financial goals and eventually issued earnings warnings, as did KPLC. The overall objective was to examine the impact of working capital management on the financial performance of energy and oil institutions registeredon the Nairobi Securities Exchange. Specifically,this survey pursued the impact of accounts receivable, inventory, cash and accounts payable management on the financial performance of energy and oil institutionsregisteredon the Nairobi Securities Exchange. A null hypothesis was tested. Fourtheories formed the theoretical orientation including Liquidity Preference Philosophy, Cash Conversation Cycle Philosophy, Transaction Cost Model, and Cost Tradeoff Theory. A descriptive study method was used using 367 employees in the energy and oil industries as the target population. In this study, 191 employees were chosen at random to participate in the study using stratified sampling. The study was conducted between 2016 and 2020. The primary information was gathered via a controlled questionnaire. Data abstraction methods were used to gather financial performance information relating to return on equity. For the goal of analyzing the data gathered, descriptive analysis and multiple linear regression were useful. The results indicate that the null hypothesis was rejected and the alternative hypothesis was accepted. The results also demonstrate that the effects of accounts receivable, inventory, cash, and payables on the financial performance of NSE-registered oil and energy enterprises were deemed to be significant. The study comes to the conclusion that a sizable amount of an organization's or company's working capital is made up of debtors. In order to maximize their return on investment when revenue outpaces costs, these organizations and businesses use liabilities in their financial structures to create financial leverage.A liability can be amortized as an expense. Inventory management is not only tedious, it is a difficult task. Inventory of all kinds represents a significant part of a company's capital, so the success or failure of a business depends heavily on how inventory management evolves. The management of an organization is responsible for retaining and managing cash when making investment decisions that affect the company's operations and improve its financial performance. A precondition for a company's financial solidity and continuedsuccess is having in place a credit management system that is sound. To improve financial performance, the report advises businesses to develop efficient accounts receivable management systems. Without effective inventory management, businesses run the risk of overstocking their items, which not only results in negative cash flow but also runs the risk of keeping outmoded dead stock on hand. As the process of collecting money, keeping track of money, and using projects to invest in is a crucial component determining financial performance, an organization should assure the financial solvency and stability of an organization. This requires having a tight cash management strategy. Appropriate credit management solutions that enhance financial performance to lower capital that is debt-bound and lower the likelihood of running into bad debts.