Influence of Delinquent Behaviour on Academic Performance of Learners in Kabete Rehabilitation School, Nairobi City County, Kenya
Kisendi, Julius Mulu
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of delinquent behavior on the academic performance of learners in Kabete rehabilitation school, Nairobi County, Kenya. The objectives of the study were; to examine the influence of delinquent withdrawal, aggression, overreactions, and irritability behavior on the academic performance of learners in Kabete Rehabilitation School. The study was based on The Delinquent Behavior Theory and Theory of Educational Productivity. The study used a concurrent triangulation design in which the researcher implemented the quantitative and qualitative methods during the same time frame and with equal weight. The study targeted a total of 70 respondents comprised of one headteacher, 29 Teachers and Vocational Trainers and 40 learners at Kabete Rehabilitation School. purposive sampling was used to select all the 29 teachers and one headteacher while simple random sampling was used to select 10 learners in the rehabilitation school in Kabete translating to a total sample of 40 respondents. Questionnaires were used to collect data from teachers and vocational trainers, interview guides for the head teacher, and observation checklists for learners. Piloting of research instruments was conducted among three teachers and vocational trainers from Kiringiti Rehabilitation School in Kiambu County to establish validity and reliability. Data analysis began by identifying common themes from the respondents' descriptions of their experiences. Quantitative data were analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS version 26.0). The quantitative findings of the study were then presented using tables and graphs. With the qualitative data, the researcher used thematic analysis. Then a record of all themes was prepared and arranged according to similarities and differences. The themes were afterward abbreviated as codes and the codes were written near the related text in a word document. The study established that the withdrawal, aggression, over-reaction, and irritability behaviors among learners in Kabete rehabilitation school were majorly expressed in isolation, violence, temper tantrums and lack of self-control respectively. Findings further revealed that violence, resentment, and suspicion among children negatively influenced the academic achievement of learners in Kabete Rehabilitation School, Nairobi County. The study concluded that most learners in Kabete rehabilitation school displayed delinquent behaviors both physically and emotionally in forms of social isolation, violence, mood swings, truancy, and high tempers. Withdrawal, Aggression, overreaction, and irritability behaviors significantly influenced the ling behaviors under such perspectives as participation in the classroom, class attendance, and completion of assignments and reading skills. This study recommended that schools or the government need to educate parents on children's aggressive behaviors and their influence on educational progress in school. The county government should ensure professional counselors are deployed in such schools to enhance attendance and curb dropouts.