Residential Buildings Compliance Practices and Performance of the National Construction Authority Projects in Nairobi City County, Kenya
Mbuthia, Timothy Kimari
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The collapse of multi-storey buildings in Nairobi City County has increased with an equal escalation in construction of residential buildings. The performance of the NCA projects in Nairobi city County, Kenya has been questioned due to its poor enforcement of construction compliance. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of residential buildings compliance practices on performance of the National Construction Authority projects in Nairobi City County, Kenya. The study sought to assess the effect of building code compliance practices, occupational ethics compliance practices; operational building standards compliance practices and user acceptance compliance practices on performance of NCA projects in Nairobi City County. This research used descriptive research design. The target population was all the 403 top, middle and lower level staff currently working in the various departments within the institution, which is in charge of currently over 1011 projects. The sample size of this study was 81. Data collection was done using questionnaires administered by personal approach through drop and pick later method. The data was tested for reliability using Cronbach Alpha coefficient of 0.7 and above. Quantitative data from encoded and analysed using SPSS Version 22.0. Data was subjected to descriptive, relational and inferential analysis. all the four variable (building code compliance practice, occupational ethics compliance practice, Operational building standardization practice and User acceptance compliance practice) has significant and positive effect on the performance of NCA projects with .000, .040, .012, .030 respectively. The study concluded that; the house developers have complied with the building regulations set, the building code was displayed for public approval during construction, there are no signs of cracks in the houses, materials used in constructing the house were the most appropriate and that; the developers clear with the NCA during construction. Developers were also wary of corruption during the construction phase, the private developers conducted EIA before constructing the house, NCA and Nairobi County was consulted before constructing this house and that tenants are informed of all flaws existent in the building. Old standards cause weakness to the building, there are Amendments to Building Control Act and Regulation of multi-storey residences and there are different licensing standards of builders and engineers of residential builders. The study concluded that the residents understand all aspects of the building systems, the agents use an inspection service to inspect buildings before sale to tenants, the residents have accepted the safety models adopted, there is voluntariness in initiating the required number of stories needed in multi-storey buildings, the buildings meet material change of user requirements and that land control was considered during construction. The study recommends that the management at NCA continue with the motive of establishing many more building code compliance practices in Nairobi city for the essence of their efficiency. The NCA managers and stakeholders responsible for operational building standardization practice and occupational ethics compliance practice and take it as an initiative to educate their esteemed clients in the construction industry on the usage of best compliance practices while at the same time enlightening them on occasional problems they might experience due to making poor approaches or applications which could lead to losses of their building investments in the city. In this case, training programmes should be prepared and hire best trainer of trainer teams to ensure that the strategy of compliance does its best.