Determinants of Disaster Management Policy Implementation in Nairobi City County, Kenya
Juma, Eric Maina
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The need to reduce the effects of disasters has become increasingly urgent around the world. Kenya has seen an increase in the nature and severity of disasters. To help reduce the loss of life and livelihood caused by disasters, countries establish disaster management policies. These policies are situational. Studies examining basic determinants that influence the execution of disaster management strategies are unusual since this is a new field of study. This study therefore sought to contribute to the growing store of knowledge on disaster management by shedding light on the determinants of disaster and emergency policy implementation in Kenya. The study evaluated the effects of policy content, funding, and stakeholder engagement and monitoring on the implementation of the Nairobi County disaster and emergency management policy and will assist in understanding why good policies in place have not been applied in real-life disaster situations. The top-down approach, bottom-up approach, hybrid approach, and stakeholder management theory are all theories that the analysis is grounded on. The theory that underpins this study has been chosen as stakeholder management theory. A descriptive research design was employed in the inquiry. This study used a sample of 240 respondents from a 600 target population includes disaster management staff working for the organizations mandated to manage disasters in Nairobi County which included; The Nairobi County department of fire and disaster management, The Kenya Red Cross, The National Disaster Management Unit (NDMU) of the Kenya Police Service, The Disaster Response Unit (DRU) of the Kenya Defense Forces, National Disaster Operations Centre (NDOC), St. John Ambulance. Senior managers, operational managers, and first responders make up the team. To assess a sample size, basic random sampling and purposive sampling methods was used. Quantitative data was collected through questionnaires, analyzed using descriptive statistics in SPSS, and displayed in the form of tables, pie charts, and bar graphs. For the purposes of research, the study used both descriptive and inferential statistics produced by the SPSS program. The former statistics methodology employed computations such as percentages and frequencies, while the latter employed statistical analysis using a multiple linear regression model. The study argue that Stakeholder involvement had the least effect on implementation of disaster management policy whereas funding had the highest effect. The results recommends that the county government of Nairobi should ensure timely disbursements of funds that will go a long way in aiding disaster management activities in the county. The findings also recommend that a proper monitoring framework is developed and implemented by the county so as to ensure proper execution of the policy.