Influence of Funding on Students’ Participation in Science and Technology Bachelor Degree Programmes in Public Universities, Kenya
Wanyama, Bernard Wasilwa
Makatiani, Maurice I.
Sifuna, Daniel N.
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Despite efforts by the government and other interested groups on funding of University students, the level of enrolment and participation in Science and Technology-based Bachelor Degree Programmes remains low. Only 29% of students were studying a course in Science and Technology by the year 2016. Such scenario implies that the country is seriously lagging behind in the realization of Kenya Education Sector Support Programme (KESSP I) participation target of 50%. The purpose of this study was to explore the gaps that existed in the stated government policies on funding and the actual practice during implementation of the stated policies and the impact of the actual practice during implementation. The study analyzed the relationship between funding of University students and participation in these programmes.The study employed descriptive survey design and purposive sampling technique to select three public Universities and three Academic Registrars while simple random sampling technique was employed to select 355 students who participated in the study. Documentary analysis, questionnaire and interview schedules were utilized to collect data. Qualitative data was analyzed thematically and reported in form of tables, quotations and narrations while quantitative data was analyzed by use of frequencies, percentages, means, pie charts and bar graphs.It was established that Differential Unit Cost (DUC) formula has a net effect of decreasing capitation while the HELB loan awarded is equivalent to 53% and 15% of science and technology cost through Government Sponsored Programme (GSP) and Self Sponsored Programme (SSP) per year respectively. The study concludes that University funding ought to be backed by coherent policies which prioritize quality and quantity.The study concludes that University funding ought to be backed by coherent policies which prioritize quality and quantity.