Effects of Social Media on Academic Performance in Selected Secondary Schools in Waberi District, Mogadishu Somalia
Hubane, Said Elmi
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of social media on academic performance in selected secondary schools in Waberi District, Mogadishu Somalia. The usage of social media among students has weakened their academic performance while the parents and the teachers similarly believe using social media results in decline in academic performance in most learning institutions. The objectives of the study were to determine the time spent on social media by students in secondary schools in Waberi District in Mogadishu-Somalia, determine the effect of Face book, Twitter, and YouTube on students’ academic performance and finally explore the use and gratification obtained by high school students using social media. The study adopted the Social Learning Theory of Bandura (1997) & Use and Gratification Theory of Katz (1999) as the best choice that guided this study. The study employed a mixed method research design. The target population was 56 Head Teachers, 321 Teachers and 210 students totalling to 587. Simple random sampling was used to obtain total 40 head teachers, 100 teachers and 160 students, totalling to 300 respondents. Data was collected using questionnaires where piloting, validity & reliability were verified while the SPSS Version-21 was used to analyze data collected. After analyzing data through quantitative and qualitative techniques presentation were done through thematic narratives, percentages, and frequency table. The research study established that more hours were spent on social media especially on Twitter and You tube, most students used social media in their performance in school and most students were satisfied that social media was the way forward despite of their minimal performance. In conclusion the Teachers and Head teachers confirmed that much time was spent on social media of which did not fully enhance learning in secondary schools despite of few achievements. The study of the researcher recommends that through the Ministry of Education introduce approved blended pedagogy in secondary schools. Secondly train teachers through professional development programmes to handle students effectively. A further study in effects of social media learning in tertiary institutions was proposed.