Multi Agencies Strategic Intervention on Corruption and the Level of Asset Recovery in Kenya
Low, Abdulhamid Farooque
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Corruption has become a reality of immense magnitude in Kenya, and lately, corruption continues to increase in terms of the involved individuals as well as the sum of assets concerned. Multiple efforts have been put in place ranging from public education and awareness programmes through the media, development of information, and communication tools, among others to fight the vice. Nevertheless, the anti-corruption progress in Kenya over the last decade has been inexcusably wanting. Curbing corruption necessitates a planned and inclusive strategy initiating anti-corruption programs. Kenya implemented a multi-agency structure bringing together suitable law enforcement organizations in its battle against corruption. Therefore, the study’s main focus was to establish the influence of multi agencies strategic intervention on corruption and the level of asset recovery in Kenya. Specifically, the study dwelt on the; determination of the influence of prosecution, investigation, coordination of justice administration, provision of resources on corruption and the level of asset recovery in Kenya, and to establish the moderating effect of the level of commitment of the executive arm of the government on the influence of multi agencies strategic intervention on corruption and the level of asset recovery in Kenya. The public choice theory, broken windows theory, contingency theory, resource-based view theory, and rational choice theory informed the study. The study was guided by a descriptive design where both quantitative and qualitative data was collected. The target population of the study comprised seven anti-corruption agencies in Kenya (Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission, Office of the Director of Public Prosecution, Directorate of Criminal Investigation, the Financial Reporting Centre, Office of the Attorney General, Asset Recovery Agency, and the Kenya Revenue Authority). The sampling frame was 68 management (board) officials in the seven anti-corruption agencies and a census was adopted and respondents were picked purposively. The study used both primary and secondary data and the research instrument was a questionnaire. The validity of the study was enhanced through expert opinion as well as literature review from past relevant studies. The Cronbach’s Alpha reliability coefficient was utilized to establish the reliability of the instrument and the reliability average was 0.780 and this level was satisfactory. Data analysis employed descriptive analysis, inferential analysis, and content analysis. The study represented quantitative data analysis results using charts and tables and qualitative data analysis results in prose form. It was anticipated that the study would benefit policy makers that could possibly cause some policy changes in fighting corruption. The findings were of significance to academicians for future researchers to replicate it in other states. From findings of the study it clearly indicated that the participants had accustomed themselves with information concerning corruption and asset recovery in Kenya to a great extent. From the regression analysis it clearly showed that the finding of the study indicates that the composite index of Multi agencies strategic intervention was significant, and thus all variables had an effect on corruption and asset recovery in Kenya. From the findings and conclusions of the study, the study recommended that, Kenya should ensure there is an effective legal framework for the fight against corruption and asset recovery. This should entail a detailed operational framework and strategy of the Multi agencies towards the fight against corruption and asset recovery. For further research, the study recommended in-depth analysis of internal and external challenges to interventions by Anti-Corruption agencies in Kenya towards the fight against corruption. This recommended research may include an evaluation of operational policies of the anti-corruption agencies to establish where the problems are.