Relationship between Economic Growth and Fertility Rate in Kenya between the Periods 1977 -2019
Makau, Angela Mutindi
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In Kenya, the total fertility rate is constantly changing, which affects per capita income. And the results on the impact of fertility on economic growth are even more different. The debate about the positive and negative impacts of high fertility on economic growth remains controversial. Rising fertility leads to population growth, putting pressure on domestic savings and the growth of public institutions. At the same time, due to the high birth rate, the larger the population, the greater the market for goods and services. The general purpose was to investigate the relationship between fertility and economic growth. The specific goals are: To study how fertility affects Kenya's economic growth, determine how economic growth affects Kenya's fertility, and investigate the causal relationship between fertility and Kenya's economic growth. Longitudinal study designs were selected during the period 1977-2019. This study was based on two theoretical models; Neoclassical theoretical model and Malthus's theoretical model. Data from secondary sources such as World Development Indicators and KNBS Economic Surveys were used in the survey. The findings show that capital stock growth had a positive impact on economic growth, and the total fertility rate had a negative impact on economic growth. Employment growth did not affect economic growth. The overall fertility rate was unaffected by economic growth. The study concludes that capital and fertility are important predictors of economic growth, and that economic growth is an important factor influencing changes in the total fertility rate. The implications of this study are that governments need to further emphasize population control through measures such as expanding the provision of family planning services. In addition, incentives such as investment subsidies need to promote capital growth in the economy.