An Assessment of Factors Influencing the Performance of Metallic Artisans at Kamukunji Enterprise Cluster, Nairobi County, Kenya
Wamalwa, Pauline Angerlyline
MetadataShow full item record
The informal sector (Jua Kali) is significant to the developments of many countries. Its importance is reflected in terms of employment generation, interlink between various firms and contribution towards the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). However, besides the Jua Kali sectors importance, its survival has been susceptible by numerous obstructions that impede their growth. Thus, the studies main objective was to assess the factors influencing the performance of Jua Kali artisans’ businesses at Kamukunji enterprise cluster in Nairobi County. The specific objectives of the study were; to determine the economic factors influencing the performance of Jua Kali metallic artisans’ businesses at Kamukunji enterprise cluster, to identify the social factors affecting the performance of Kamukunji enterprise cluster metallic businesses and to establish how the institutional and individual based strategies influence the performance of Jua Kali metallic artisans businesses at Kamukunji enterprise cluster. The study utilized descriptive research design. The target population was 4,500 registered Jua Kali metallic artisans and the sample size of the study was 181 Jua Kali artisans and 3 officials from the selected institutions. The questionnaires were administered to 181 randomly selected metallic artisans, interview schedules were administered to the 3 officials from each of the following; Kamukunji Informal Association (KIA), Kenya National Federation of Jua Kali Association (KNFJKA) and Nairobi County ministry of trade. Global Positioning System (GPS) was used to identify the spatial distribution of the sampled respondents. The collected data was analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 21.0 to generate percentages, frequencies and measures of central tendency. In addition, tables, graphs and pie charts were used to present the results for ease of reference and understanding. The research adopted Regression Analysis and Chi-Square in determining the degree of relationship among the variables. The study findings showed that accessibility to finances by the artisans, availability of managerial skills and education, market competition and digital social platforms are key factors influencing the performances of Kamukunji enterprise cluster businesses. From the research findings, the pseudo-R-squared was 0.0367. The socio-economic factors that were utilized include; market competition, infrastructure, level of education Accounting and trainings, usage of digital social network and work conditions encountered which explained about 3.67% of the probability of rating a business performance good. The Jua Kali artisans should be encouraged to attend further trainings on management and entrepreneurship to enhance their skills. The financial institutions should be flexible in their terms required for loans awarding so that they can attract the jua kali entrepreneurs. The study also recommends that Kamukunji Jua Kali metallic artisans should adopt the theoretical models like the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) Theory and the Resource Based View Theory (RBV) in their need to improve the performances of their businesses.