Key Elements Influencing the Sustainability of Projects Funded by Food and Agricultural Organisation in Kenya
Waithira, Gatuhu, Grace-Nancy
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Donor funding has promoted growth and development in the past decades by enhancing economic progression, food security and reducing poverty levels in developing nations. However, poor sustainability of the donor funded projects has been common especially after project handover to the host communities or local authorities. This has mainly been attributed to inefficient management, lack of resources, as well as the capacity to sustain the project. Donor funding on food and agricultural projects in Kenya mainly targets to provide food to the vulnerable groups in the society. Thus, the study evaluated the sustainability of projects funded by donors under the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), Kenya. The specific objectives of the research were to evaluate the influence of stakeholders and resource availability, determine the socio-economic elements and the extent to which management techniques influence the sustainability of donor funded projects at FAO Kenya. The research involved a descriptive study design using an open-ended questionnaire survey. The study targeted staff at the Food and Agricultural Organisation, Kenya and consisted of 133 staff. Random sampling was utilised to achieve a sample of 57 after using Yamane formula to obtain a representative sample. Analysis of the raw data was conducted using SPSS version 22.0 to obtain descriptive and correlation statistics on the study variables. The study outcome established that stakeholders influence, availability of sufficient funding or resources, socio-economic elements and management practices directly influence donor funded projects to a greater extent. Statistical inferences showed that the sufficiency of resource and availability is statistically significant alongside management techniques at p-values of 0.05 and 0.029 respectively. Stakeholders‟ participation influence and socio-economic elements were not statistically significant at p-values of 0.596 and 0.852 respectively. However, all the four variables correlated positively with sustainability of the projects. This means variables that are not statistically significant can be discarded since their hypothesis is null. Further, the R2 value showed the variables studied affected the dependent variable to a 59% extent. Thus, the study recommends all stakeholders to be involved in project planning and implementation. Further, policies on resource mobilisation and effective channelling to project implementation should be enhanced, relevant measures to ensure socio-economic elements that positively influence donor funded projects are realised should be put in place. Finally, all project implementers should utilise effective management practices to ensure sustainability of donor funded food and agriculture projects.