Relationship Between Paternal Non- Involvement and Deviant Behavior among Teenagers in Secondary Schools in Nairobi and Kirinyaga Counties, Kenya
Kamau, Eliud Karimi
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A big percentage of national resources is directed towards education sector in Kenya‟s national budgetary allocation every year to ensure effective achievement of the goals of education in modeling a healthy and a wealthy society. Even with this allocation, deviant behaviour remains a major stumbling block. Studies on deviant behaviour especially in Kenya have focused on school, societal and family factors. However there is lack of adequate research findings on the relationship between father‟s non-involvement and deviant behaviour in teenagers. The purpose of this study was to establish the relationship between paternal non-involvement and deviant behaviour among teenagers in secondary schools in Kirinyaga and Nairobi City counties in Kenya. The social control theory and a correlational study design were used. The target population was all the 43092 and 36073 Secondary school students enrolled in Nairobi City and Kirinyaga counties respectively. 10653 and 9019 form 3 students enrolled in secondary schools in Nairobi City and Kirinyaga counties respectively were considered. Proportionate stratified sampling was used to obtain a sample of 521 students from Nairobi City and Kirinyaga Counties. Deviant behaviour was assessed using self-report teenage deviance scale. Paternal non-involvement was assessed using the paternal non-involvement scale. Collected data was analyzed in both descriptive statistics whose techniques include means, percentages and standard deviation while statistical inference utilized t-test and one way ANOVA techniques for testing the hypotheses. Spearman‟s Rank Correlation coefficient was used to find the relationship between the level of paternal non-involvement and teenage deviant behavior. Statistical package for Social Sciences version 25.1 for windows was used to help in analyzing the data. From the findings, the study concludes that paternal non-involvement was positively correlated with teenagers‟ deviant behaviors, and that, the prevalence of deviant behavior among teenager across gender was almost the same. Through appropriate parenting techniques and positive interactions with their adolescent children, the fathers can play a big part in reducing the deviant behaviors. Further conclusions were drawn that the level of paternal non- involvement among teenagers is moderate in Kenya Secondary Schools. The study recommends that effective monitoring and support through availability and involvement, as well as consistent punishments by fathers to be inculcated in paternal guidance as they are vital to raising a well-mannered child. The schools could also conduct guidance and counseling to the teenagers in the Kenya secondary schools on the dangers of engaging in deviant behaviors such as drug abuse and absenteeism.