The Influence of Specialized Training on the Performance of Criminal Investigation Officers in Nakuru County, Kenya
Kathingi, Manasseh Murithi
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The Kenya police was established with the primary function being to investigate crimes, collect criminal intelligence, prevent and detect crime, protect life and property and enforce laws and regulations. However, incidents of shoddy investigations leading to justice delay or acquittal of actual perpetrators of crime and professional misconduct have been reported against criminal investigation officers casting aspersions on competence and integrity of not only the DCI officers but also to all police officers in preservation of the rule of the law and protection of lives and property of Kenyans. In 2016, it was acknowledged that specialized training would be very important in improving the performance of DCI officers as well as the police service in general thus a commission was named and charged with the responsibility of reviewing the National Police Service Curriculum and aligning the police training including specialized training for the directorate of criminal investigation in the country to the current policing requirements. Despite the introduction of specialized training to the DCI officers, no studies have been done to determine the influence of specialized training on the performance of criminal investigation officers hence this study comes in to fill this knowledge gap through determining the influence of specialized training on the performance of criminal investigation officers in Nakuru County, Kenya. This study was guided by Liberal Education and Cognitive Theories. This study employed case study research design. This involved, using semi-structured questionnaires to collect quantitative data after which an interview schedule was used to collect qualitative data that helped explain in a detailed manner, the results obtained from the quantitative phase. The study population comprised the DCI officers in the two sub-counties of Nakuru Town. DCI officers were a total population of 115. From the total population, a sample of 115 respondents was obtained through total population sampling for the survey. Purposive sampling was also used to select three OCSs, three DCIOs as well as one OCPD for the interviews. To ensure validity of the instruments, the research instruments were given to the supervisor and experts in the School of Security, Diplomacy and Peace Studiesto cross check and evaluate content validity. Piloting of questionnaires was done in Kivumbini DCI office in Nakuru Town. Cronbach’s alpha was used to test reliability of the semi-structured questionnaires that were used in the study and a correlation coefficient of 0.823 was obtained thus was considered acceptable. Data entry was conducted using SPSS software. Quantitative data obtained were then analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient, Paired sample t-test and F-test (ANOVA). Hypotheses were tested at 5% level of significance. Descriptive statistics such as mean and percentages were also used. Qualitative data obtained from the interviews were first transcribed, coded then analyzed thematically using Nvivo Software. The results obtained from the three study sites gave statistically significant influence of specialized training on performance of DCI officers. There also appears to be statistically significant influence of specialized training on performance of DCI officers in all the stations. This implies that specialised trainings improved performance of DCI officers uniformly across all the stations. The findings from this study inform thenational government on the need segregate additional budget for the purchase of modern and state of the art investigative equipment, the need to institute very harsh and stringent measures to deal with those senior officers perpetuating corruption, nepotism and favoritism. It also informs the police through the National Police Service Commission on the need to recruit more investigation officers from the service so as to help clear back log of cases that are existing and also to add to the numbers of DCI officers already overwhelmed with day-to-day piling cases.