Efficacy of Two New Fungicides Against Colletotrichum kahawae Infecting Coffee in Kenya
Malaka, Samuel Musime
Alwora, Getrude Okutoyi
Bonuke, Shem Nchore
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Coffee Berry Disease(CBD) caused by Colletotrichum kahawae is a destructive fungal disease of coffee in Kenya, leading to a loss of about 75%. This study aimed to assess the In Vitro efficacy of two fungicides:- CRI 1 (Pyraclostrobin 150 g/L + Fluxapyroxad 75 g/L) and CRI 2 (Pyraclostrobin 128 g/Kg + Boscalid 252 g/Kg) against C. kahawae using poisoned food technique on Potato Dextrose Agar. A total of 170 coffee berries with C. kahawae symptoms were purposively collected from both sprayed and unsprayed plots. Ten rates of each of the two fungicides were assessed ranging from 0.01% to 0.1% at an interval of 0.01%. Two commercial standard fungicides Pyraclostrobin 250 g/L at 0.04% and Tebuconazole 200 g/L + Trifloxystrobin 100 g/L at 0.1% were used as positive controls. Fungal inoculum in PDA media devoid of the fungicide acted as the negative control. Data on colony diameter was collected after every 24 hours for 13 days. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) of the data on colony diameter was done using CoStat software version 6.400. The results revealed that all the rates of CRI 1 and CRI 2 fungicides controlled the colony diameter of C. kahawae compared to the control treatment. CRI 1 fungicide suppressed the growth of C. kahawae even at the lowest concentration of 0.01% with a percentage control of 64.74 %. The highest concentration of 0.1% had a percentage control of 66.15% . CRI 1 is more effective in controlling C. kahawae since it controls the fungus at a rate even lower than Pyraclostrobin 250 g/L which had a percentage control of 66.10 at a recommended rate of 0.04% and Tebuconazole 200 g/L + Trifloxystrobin 100 g/L fungicides which had a percentage control of 65.76 at a recommended rate of 0.1%. CRI 1 also hade a better percentage control as compared to CRI 2. CRI 2 had a percentage control of 54.63% at the highest rate of 0.1% and a percentage control of 35.60% at the lowest rate of 0.01% . Further studies on CRI 1 and CRI 2 fungicides should be carried out for yield assessment in the field.