The Role of School Administration in the Integration of Information Communication and Technology in Biology Instruction in Secondary Schools in Migori County, Kenya
Atieno, Eunice Owiti
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The study investigated Information Communication and Technology (ICT) use in teaching and learning of Biology and how it enhances students’ achievement in Migori County, Kenya. It employed descriptive survey design which utilized stratified, simple random and purposive sampling techniques. The theoretical underpinning for the study was that learners conceptualize their surroundings best through interactive learning. The study targeted teachers, students, principals, Sub County Education Officers and County Director of Education. A sample size of twenty four (24) secondary schools was used. The objective was to investigate challenges to ICT integration in Biology instruction. Research instruments included; questionnaire, interviews, Observation schedules and ICT resource checklists. Data was analyzed through Descriptive and Inferential statistical procedures. The major findings included: teachers and students did not use ICT, teachers ICT illiterate, poor ICT infrastructures, inadequate resources and lack of streamlined guide to ICT use. Major conclusions made included: inadequate funds for purchasing ICT resources, insufficient support from principals, intermittent power supply and congested classrooms due to large number of students.