Relationship between Locus of Control and Adherence to Alcoholic Anonymous Meetings among Persons Recovering from Substance Abuse in Nairobi County, Kenya
Gachara, Esther G.
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One of the most familiar after care programs engaged in by persons recovering from substance abuse addiction to help sustain abstinence is the Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) programs. Nevertheless, rehabilitees need to adhere to them in order to help achieve long-term abstinence. Locus of control has been shown to be associated with adherence to treatment modalities but limited studies have done on adherence to substance abuse support groups especially Alcoholic Anonymous groups because of anonymity Principe. The study therefore focused on establishing the relationship between locus of control and adherence to alcoholic anonymous group meetings. Snow ball was used to identify contact persons and access groups. Total of 90 members assented to participate in the study. Despite the popular notion that members of alcoholic anonymous groups lean towards externality, the difference between those who leaned towards internal and external locus of control was minimal. A majority of 51.5 % respondents had high levels of external locus of control compared with 48.9% who scored more on external locus of control. A positive relationship was noted between moderate levels of internal locus of control and adherence, r (16) = .548, p<0.05.