Assessment of Application of Project Management Principles (A Case Study of CDF Projects in Mombasa County)
Suwani, Reeshma Zaherali
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Government involvement at grassroots level projects through the cornmunity has shown growth in many third world countries including Kenya One such policy is the Constituency Development Fund, which allocates certain public funds to benefit the political subdivisions through decisions influenced by their parliamentary representative. Operations of CDFs have been controversial because they raise queries about the efficacy of government approach to alleviate the standards of civic population. These controversies have initiated this study. Therefore the purpose of this study is to assess the project management principles applied within the CDF projects. To meet the purpose, the study sought to explore the education level of the project implementers, the percentage of project management principles applied, monitoring and evaluation frequencies and how the projects were kept under control for cost budget and time. The study had a target population of 464 which included the project implementation committee, project team members, project management committee and project managers from the four constituencies; Likoni, Changamwe, Kisauni and Mvita. A sample size of 139 was selected using the stratified random sampling to ensure representativeness. The Data was collected through a questionnaire and analysed using descriptive research design with the help of frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviations. The study found that project management experts and professionalism in the CDF projects was lacking, Academic qualification was 54% at a diploma level whereas only 14% held a degree. Training and development although existing was unproductive, less than 63% of project management principles were applied and 70% of M & E was conducted on yearly or project end basis. Empowering the project leaders with right skills, knowledge and attitude will enhance management of projects. As a result project leaders will be encouraged to exercise project management principles in CDF Projects enabling measures, continuous monitoring and evaluation. Handling CDF projects with integrity, efficiency and effectively will promote local development and consequently for the country in general.