Determinants of Strategy Implementation in Africa Inland Churches in Kenya: A Study of Selected Africa Inland Churches in Nairobi Area
Kimuyu, Joshua Nzau
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Strategy implementation is very vital for the success of any organization including churches. Effective implementation of strategies can enable the church to meet its objectives and goals as well as achieve development and growth. The overall objective of this study was to fmd out the determinants of strategy implementation in Africa Inland Churches (AIC) in Nairobi area. The study was guided by the following specific objectives: To find out the effect of leadership on strategy implementation in AIC Churches in Nairobi area, to determine the effect of communication on strategy implementation in AIC Churches, to assess the effect of organization culture on strategy implementation in AIC Churches and to investigate the influence of organization commitment on strategy implementation in AIC Churches in Nairobi area. Descriptive survey design was used for the study. The target population for the study was pastors and members of the local church council in the selected AIC Churches in Nairobi area. Nairobi area has 8 regions having a total of 155 churches. Stratified sampling technique was used to group the targeted areas into 8 regions where each region acted as a stratum. Purposive sampling technique was then used to sample the two largest churches from each region for the study. A total of 16 Churches were sampled for the study. A total of 64 respondents were targeted by the study out of which 59 (15 pastors and 44 church elders) responded giving a response rate of 92%. Questionnaire was used to collect data from the pastors and the members of the local Church council. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Scientists. Descriptive statistics such as: frequencies and percentages were used to analyze the data. Inferential statistics such as correlation and regression analysis was used to test on the relationship between the variables of the study. The analyzed data was presented in form of tables, pie-charts and bargraphs where applicable. On the status of strategy implementation in organization, the study found that 98% of the respondents indicated that their churches formulate strategies to be implemented. On the effect of organization culture on strategy implementation, the study found that 98% of the respondents indicated that organization culture affects strategy implementation. This was evidenced by the fact that 64% of the respondents strongly agreed with the statement I' that culture influences individuals' values, norms, beliefs and attitudes which affect strategy implementation. The' study also found that 95% of the respondents indicated that leadership affects strategy implementation. On the effect of communication on the implementation of strategies, the study found that 76% of the respondents indicated that communication affects strategy implementation. The study fmally found that organization commitment affects strategy implementation as indicated by 88% of the respondents. The results from the correlation and regression analysis showed that the study variables such as: organization culture, organization leadership, strategy communication and organization commitment significantly affect strategy implementation in churches. The study concluded that organization culture, leadership, strategy communication and organization commitment affect strategy implementation in AIC churches in Nairobi area. It was recommended that Church leadership should involve every Church member in the implementation of strategies. The study finally recommended that another study be done in other AIC churches in other regions in Kenya to find out the challenges facing strategy implementation in Churches which was not the concern of this study.