Effect of Equity Financing on Shareholder Value Creation of Non-Financial Firms Quoted at the Nairobi Securities Exchange
Kariuki, Grace Muthoni
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Equity financing involves acquisition of funds by issuing shares of common or preferred stock. Firms usually use equity financing when they are unable to raise satisfactory funds through retained earnings or when they have to raise additional equity capital to offset debt. Shareholder value creation and profit maximizing are among the primary objectives of a firm. Equity financing play an imperative role in general performance of a company and shareholder value creation. There have been a number of firms facing financial crisis among them; Mumias Sugar Ltd, Uchumi Supermarkets Ltd and Kenya Airways Ltd. All these companies are quoted at the Nairobi Securities Exchange. Due to declining performance of these companies, share prices have been dropping and shareholders do not receive dividends. This study investigated the effect of equity financing on shareholder value creation of non-financial firms quoted at the Nairobi Securities Exchange for the period 2008-2014. The study was guided by; Pecking Order Theory and Market Timing Theory. This study used general and empirical models from previous studies as a basis for studying specific models which were modified to suit the current study. The study was guided by the positivism philosophy and employed explanatory design which is nonexperimental. Census design was used as the number of non- financial firms at the time of the study was 40 companies. The data was gathered from NSE handbooks and CMA publications comprising of annual financial statements, income statements and accompanying notes. Ordinary Least Square regression analysis was conducted to examine the effect of equity financing 33 Stratford Peer Reviewed Journals and Book Publishing Journal of Finance & Accounting Volume 3||Issue 5||Page 32- 52||December||2019| Email: email@example.com ISSN: 2616-4965 decision on shareholder value creation. The results revealed that equity financing had a statistically significant positive effect on EVA. The study further analyzed sector based differences among companies listed at the NSE. The results indicated significant differences among various sectors in respect to the effects of equity financing on shareholder value creation. Feasible generalized least squares were used to estimate the model. Diagnostic tests were conducted to ensure non-violation of the assumptions of Classical Linear Regression Model. Among the tests conducted; includes panel unit root test, Autocorrelation, Homoskedasticity tests. Study model tests showed that, there was non-violation the assumptions and hence the model found fit for further analysis. The study recommends that managers of quoted nonfinancial companies should strive and practice periodic shareholder value creation analysis for continuous assessment of growth process. The government through the CMA should come up with regulatory framework that guide firm listed in enacted dividend policies. Further it is recommended that shareholder value creation report is enforced as an additional statement published by the firms quoted at the NSE, Kenya.