Relationship Between Mothers’ Demographic Characteristics and their Involvement in Pre-Primary School Children’s Homework in Nairobicity county, Kenya
Muthama, Lucy M.
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Extensive studies hav e been done on the importance of parental involvement in children s homework, yet relatively few studies have explored the contributions that either mothers or fathers make to their children s schooling. However, this study is interested, in the involvemen t of mothers in their pre primary II children ‘ s homework. Homework is assignments given to children by their teachers that are supposed to be done at home. This interest stems from the fact that traditionally in Africa, mothers were assumed to be the hous ekeepers of their families, but of limited importance in academic aspects of children s well being and development. Homework can be a double edged sword having a positive influence, or one that is destructive and damaging, to academic achievement. It is al so clear that most of the studies on this topic have been carried out in developed countries. Most of the existing studies do not focus on mothers. In Kenya, mothers occupy a strategic position in children’s lives and it is therefore important to establish their involvement in the child’s homework. Studies on the involvement of parents in children’s homework are few. Homework is common among learners at all levels and thus offers an opportunity for parents' involvement. The objectives of this study, therefo re, were to establish the relationship between mothers’ educational level, occupation, work schedule and their involvement in children’s homework as well as to find out the challenges faced by mothers in their involvement in children’s homework, in selecte d private preschools in Nairobi County, Kenya. The findings of the study may provide relevant information that can be used by scholars, non governmental organizations, government, School managers, institutions, Child Welfare Organizations (CWOs) and other stakeholders. The study was guided by Epstein’s framework of parental involvement. A mixed methods approach was employed in this study whereby the correlational research design was used. The research also used quantitative research methods to investigate t he mothers’ involvement in their children’s homework Purposive sampling was used to select Nairobi City County, simple random sampling was used to select six private pre schools and stratified random sampling was used to select 192 children, whom their mo thers were included in the study. Results from this study have shown that there was no relationship between mothers’ involvement in their children’s homework and their educational level, occupation and work schedule. Most of the mothers encountered more th an one challenge. Various recommendations were suggested for various stakeholders including, school Managers, Admi nistrators, and KICD and future research.