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dc.contributor.authorKimani, John Muinde
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-06T06:03:27Z
dc.date.available2020-10-06T06:03:27Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.urihttp://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/20525
dc.descriptionA Project Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Award of the Degree of Master of Arts in Leadership and Security Management in the Department of Security and Correction Science, School Of Security, Diplomacy and Peace Studies of Kenyatta University, October, 2019en_US
dc.description.abstractM-pesa is a mobile money transfer and agent banking system that has become popular over the years due to its easy and cheap access to financial services, especially to the middle and lower classes of the society. However, this type of service has lately been threatened by many cases of counterfeits in bank notes and fraudulent transactions which ultimately challenges the effectiveness of the strategies used to deter counterfeits. Using the Theory of Planned Behavior, this study, sought to evaluate the effectiveness of the strategies that were used by M-pesa agents in the deterrence of counterfeit banknotes. The main purpose of the study was to evaluate the strategies used by Mpesa agents and their effectiveness in the deterrence of counterfeit banknotes fraud. Specific objectives of the study were; to establish the fraud related challenges faced by M-Pesa agents to counter fake bank notes in Nairobi City County; to determine the strategic responses on fraud adopted by the M-Pesa agents as the deterrent to counterfeit bank notes fraud in Nairobi City County; to evaluate the effectiveness of the strategies employed by M-Pesa agents in the deterrence of counterfeit banknotes fraud in Nairobi City County and to determine strategic interventions M-Pesa agents can adopt in the deterrence of counterfeit banknotes. The study employed descriptive survey design to study the various aspects of fraudulent activities on counterfeit banknotes during mobile money transactions and how M-pesa agents responded to the threat. The targeted population was M-pesa agents, police officers, Safaricom, and the Banking Anti-fraud unit in Nairobi City County. Using both Purposive and Simple Random sampling techniques the sample size of 109 was drawn. To collect data for the study, both qualitative and quantitative methods were used. The study used two tools for data collection; i.e. interviews (KIIs) and Questionnaires. Descriptive Analysis was used to analyze the data. The results were triangulated to ascertain if the results from the two methods used lead to the same outcome. The study revealed that there were fraud-related challenges deterring M-pesa agents in countering fake bank notes in their operation, the prevalence of this challenges in the deterrence of counterfeit notes was found to be very high in Mpesa agent operation. Lack of skills and detection Kits were the main challenges facing Mpesa agents in the deterrence of counterfeit banknotes fraud. Other challenges facing Mpesa agents in the deterrence of counterfeit banknotes fraud includes Poor enforcement and coordination mechanism, easy counterfeited Security features on bank and Lack of advanced technology. The study further revealed that only a few M-pesa agents use detectors due to their high prices of acquiring the device. Mpesa Agents were prioritizing training so as to be in a position to recognize the fake money and are continually reviewing and improving on their internal controls such as surveillance and internal audit, primarily in the defense against fraud. The technology was also another major factor that was limiting the implementation of the strategies. The study recommended the central bank of Kenya to research and develop new notes with innovative security features that are both easy to check and hard to counterfeit. To fight counterfeit, the Bank needs to offer free training materials to help the public business and police agencies use the security features in genuine bank notes. The study recommends further research to be done to establish other challenges other than deterrence of counterfeiting that is facing Mpesa business in Nairobi City Countyen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipKenyatta Universityen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherKenyatta Universityen_US
dc.titleStrategies Used By Mpesa Agents and Their Effectiveness in Deterrence of Counterfeit Bank Notes Fraud: Case of Nairobi Countyen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US


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