Influence of Nyumba Kumi Initiative on Neighborhood Security in Kaptembwo Ward, Nakuru Town, Kenya
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Nyumba kumi Initiative NKI has attracted attention as a good strategy to enhance the security of the citizens and their respective neighborhoods in the country. The government of Kenya has constantly emphasized on the need to adopt Nyumba kumi as an initiative of CP so as to aid enhance the security status of the neighborhoods in the country to help ameliorate the numerous criminal activities being committed incessantly in the country. Despite the emphasis on the need to embrace NKI, crimes such as robbery, murder, terrorism and inter ethnic clashes among others were still heating at an all-time high thereby denying citizens in Kenya and Kaptembwo in particular, safer and secure environment to dwell in. However, the influence of Nyumba kumi Initiative on neighborhood security in Kaptembwo Ward had never been known since its introduction 5 years ago. This study therefore, intended to document this knowledge gap. This study was guided by Social Disorganization Theory. This study also adopted convergent parallel mixed method research design where the researcher collected both quantitative and qualitative data at the same time. Survey questionnaires were used to collect information from 156 residents of Kaptembwo Ward already embracing Nyumba kumi Initiative. Three Focus Group Discussions FGDs were used to collect information from participants between 6 and 8 community members (men, women and youth) of Kaptembwo ward in Nakuru Town while interview schedules were used to collect information from the head of police station, the chief and the head of National Taskforce on Community Policing in Kaptembwo Ward. A sample of 156 residents was drawn through purposive sampling from a study population of 112,937 residents. Purposive sampling was used to identify the head of police station OCS, the chief and the head of National Taskforce on Community Policing in Kaptembwo Ward. To ensure validity of the instruments, the research instruments were given to the research supervisor to evaluate their content validity. Piloting of questionnaires was done in Rhonda Ward, Nakuru. Cronbach‟s alpha was used to test reliability of the questionnaires that were used in the study and a correlation coefficient of at least 0.812 was considered acceptable. Data entry was conducted using SPSS software. The quantitative data obtained from the survey questionnaires was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as mean, pie charts, frequency tables, percentages, Paired Sample T-Test as well as Pearson‟s Correlation Coefficient while the qualitative data obtained from focus group discussions was analyzed through constant comparison and content analysis. The results obtained from Kaptembwo ward showed that NKI actually had an influence on neighborhood security as well as in reducing prevalent crimes. It had numerous challenges not limited to poor remuneration, lack of awareness of NKI, inadequate financial resources, corruption, legal ambiguity, legal complication and finally legal complication among others. The possible solutions to the challenges included good remuneration of officials, awareness campaigns of NKI, more financial resources, discharge from duty those engaging in corruption, more severe punishment and finally addressing legal ambiguity among others.