Motivational Factors that Affect Primary Schools Pupil’s Participation in Organized Sports in Shinyalu Division of Kakamega District, Kenya
Mukala, Hannington B.
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The study investigated motivational factors that affect pupil's participation in organized sport in Shinyalu Division of Kakarnega District. The research examined the most important factors in youth sport, which included interest in sport, perceptions of success in sport and perceptions of failure in sport. Data were collected by survey, which was conducted in nine schools in Shinyalu Division or Kakamcga District. The study sample consisted of 20 pupils from each school, five boys and five girls from class 5 and also five boys and five girls from class 6. Three schools from Shinyalu Division were used for pilot study, but did not feature in the main study. Pupils responded to a questionnaire that focused on three salient factors in children sports, that is; interest in sports, success in sports and failure in sports. The questionnaire, with a three point Likert scale required pupils to tick either "Agree', "Not sure" or "Disagree". Data obtained from the research instrument were analyzed using frequencies, percentages and Chi-square. Findings of the study were as follows: The reported interest of pupils in sport was high, 81.7% of the pupils' agreed to train for selection in the school team. Many of the pupils' (88.3%) agreed that by more training, they will do better in sports. Pupils' reported being attracted to sport for a variety of reasons where learning the sport skills (78.3%) was the core reason. Pupil's reported that they will participate in sport regardless of the results, where never win as a setback to participation in sport had 34.4%. It was reported that participation of pupil's in sports was limited by physiological reasons like exhaustion (63.9%), hunger (47.7% and injuries (62.2%). Pupil's reported that they like playing in a free environment with less restriction like influence of teachers (35.0%) and sport captains (32.8%). From the above findings, the following recommendations were made: 1. Teachers and all those concerned with children sports should maintain and increase children's interest in sports. 2. Teachers and those concerned with children sports should tap, nurture and develop the talent of children. To increase children's participation and performance in sports, emphasis should be laid on the learning aspect of sport, and the other factor will be attained. 4. While offering sport activities to children, all factors which limit participation should be monitored and controlled to avoid withdrawal from sports.