Critical Review of Literature on Change Management on Employees Performance
Njuguna, Elijah Ng'ang'a
Muathe, Stephen M. A.
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Organizations are continually confronting challenges to remain competitive and successful, which compels organizations to regularly re-evaluate their strategies, structures, policies, operations, processes and culture. Managing change effectively is however a main challenge in the change management domain because of massive human involvement. Thus, managers and change agents are eager to know how to encourage and effectively prepare employees for change situation. This paper carries out a critical review on change management on employees performance. The paper reviews the origin of change management concept on employees performance from academic and management perspective, factors influencing the growth and adoption of the change management on employees’ performance concept, theoretical framework of change management on employees performance and the empirical studies on change management on employees performance. The paper also identifies the research gaps identified in the concept. It also captures on recommendations of the study and the conclusions reached. It carries with it a proposed conceptual frame work in a study to be carried on the concept with independent variables highlighted as participatory leadership, motivational commitment, training and communication. The dependent variable was identified as change management on employees performance. All indications pointed that that independent variables (participatory leadership, motivational commitment , training and communication are positively and significantly correlated to the dependent variable (change management on employees performance).This study may contribute to the literature on change management on employees performance particularly and may assist the management, change agents and practitioners of human resources management and development, and organizational behavior in assessing, designing and evaluating new or existing programmes for change management on employees performance.