Training of School Managers and Student’s Discipline in Public Secondary Schools in Embu County, Kenya
Muthama, Musembi Boniface
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The problem of students’ indiscipline in secondary schools has been of concern. Dating back to the days of the old constitution to the present dispensation, management of discipline in schools has attracted both attention and effort from the Ministry of Education in an endeavour to reduce indiscipline. However in spite of the training, serious students’ indiscipline issues have persisted. This research investigated the effect the training of school managers on discipline of students. Generally, the objective was to investigate the relationship between training of school managers and students’ discipline in public secondary schools in the sub county. The specific objective entailed investigating the effect of the preventive, intervention and post-vention skills of school managers on students’ discipline. The target population wasall the schools in Embu County while the respondents were 26 principals and 27 deputies from across the county making a total of 53 respondents. A descriptive survey research design was adopted to show the relationship between the independent and dependent variables. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistics such as frequency distribution, percentages and frequency tables were used to summarise and relate variables obtained from the questionnaire and the analyses done using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) computer package. Validity of the research instruments was determined by seeking opinions from the experts of the field of study. These were the supervisor and experts in the education sector. The internal consistency reliability was examined by use of Cronbach Alpha coefficient. Convergent validity was assessed at the individual and construct level by examining individual item loading. Pearson’s correlation was used to determine the relationship between the discipline skills and management of discipline while multiple regression analysis to determine the effects of training in discipline skills on discipline of students. The findings have been presented using descriptive statistics like percentages, frequencies, bar graphs and pie-charts. The findings of the study prove that post-vention strategies, preventive and intervention strategies have a positive effect on the overall discipline of the students in public secondary schools hence necessary for training of school managers. The research reached a conclusion that training of school managers in intervention strategies, post-vention and preventive strategies is essential tool for maintenance of discipline in secondary public schools. The study recommends further studies to be conducted to find out effects of other factors such as parenting, moral and social environments on the discipline of the students in public secondary schools.