Human - Olive Baboon (Papio Anubis L) Conflicts in Farms around Mgori Forest Reserve, Singida, Tanzania
Mwiru, Francis Gilbert
MetadataShow full item record
Olive baboons (Papio anubis L) are widely distributed in most tropical countries. They usually live and breed in forests. With the ever increasing human population, more and more of their natural habitats are being replaced by farms, thus decreasing the living spaces and the amount of food available. In many parts of Tanzania, the government in collaboration with the local communities has preserved the forests in their natural conditions to protect the animals’ habitat. Mgori forest reserve is one of such areas, managed by both the local community adjacent to it and the government of Tanzania. However, human beings are moving closer and closer to the Olive baboons’ living spaces, forest. Therefore, when animals occasionally move out of the forest into the neighbouring farmlands in search of food, the result is serious conflicts with the farmers. A cross-sectional study was carried out to examine the nature and extent of the conflicts during the wet and the dry season in three villages adjacent to the forest. Also the study determined the most preferred crops by Olive baboons. Data was collected along transects running from the forest edge up to 2 km into the farmlands. Methods of primary data collection included direct observations, questionnaires, focus group discussion and face to face interviews. Wilcoxon Rank sign test was used to compare intensity of raiding between the wet and dry seasons using PAST computer software. Simple linear regression analysis was used to determine the relationship between the level of crop damage and distance of the farms from the forest edge, while Two Factor ANOVA was used to test whether intensity of raiding varied significantly with season and village. The study established that the crops raided most by Olive baboons are maize, millet, sunflower and finger millet. The results indicated that the level of crop damage during the wet season decreased with increasing distance from the forest edge (R2=0.7542).Crop damage in the dry season was minimal because most of it is harvested by end of the dry season. Farmers used a variety of mitigation methods with guarding being the most preferred. This is time consuming and not very effective. It is recommended that farmers should avoid planting crops most preferred by baboons near the forest edge. Further the effort to reduce crop raiding should be a combined effort of the farmers and the government.
- MST-Zoological Sciences