Psychosocial Impact of Hiv/Aids Caregiving among the Primary Caregivers in Mombasa County, Kenya
Muthoni, Gatama Peninah
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HIVAIDS has been noted to be spreading rapidly especially in developing countries in a wide variety of literature. Review of such literature has revealed that there is few data examining what primary care givers go through as they are caring for HIVAIDS patients. The current study sought to find out the psychosocial impact of HIVAIDS care giving among the primary care givers in Mombasa County, Kenya. It was guided by the social constructionism theory that observes caregiving and HIV/AIDS as both a reality and social constructs. In this context of study, social constructs within the society determines the perception of the people about primary caregivers in Mombasa. The study used descriptive research design. The target population composed of the primary care givers aged between 25-45 years in Mombasa County. Convenience sampling approach was used to select the suitable sample size whose data was collected using both questionnaires and interview guide. Female were found to be dominant caregivers at 75.61% although with improvement on male involvement. Majority of the caregivers were in the age bracket of 25-30 years (75.6%) and were already married (58.5%). It was found that the caregivers suffered from stress and stigma that affected them psychologically and socially. However, the respondents had identified the most suitable coping mechanism among the alternatives as medication. Also the experience was found to be involving and tiring. The findings will be shared with the relevant stake holders in the ministry of Health at National and County levels and National Aids and Control Council. However, the study recommends for a quantitative study with a wider coverage of three leading counties in terms of HIV/AIDS prevalence.