An Assessment of the Implementation of Sexual Gender- Based Violence Policy in Winam Division, Kisumu County, Kenya
Charillus, Pamella A.
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The study assessed the implementation of Sexual Gender-Based Violence policy in Winam Division, Kisumu County, Kenya. The following objectives guided this study; to determine the prevalence of Sexual Gender- Based Violence in Winam Division, to assess the implementation of SGBV policy in Winam Division and to suggest strategies that can be used to improve the implementation of SGBV policy and reduce the prevalence of Sexual Gender- Based Violence in Winam Division, Kenya. This study was guided by Goode’s 1971 Resource Theory. A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used. The sample size of 384 respondents was selected from the target population of 104,875 in Winam Division. Data were analyzed descriptively using SPSS in order to generate tables, frequencies and percentages while figures showing the results were generated using Microsoft Excel 2010. Qualitative data were presented in a narrative form in the context of emanating themes, percentages and frequencies. In the first study objective, the study sought to find out the prevalence of Sexual Gender- Based Violence in Winam Division. The study established Sexual Gender- Based Violence is prevalent and that women experienced a lot of Sexual Gender- Based Violence cases as compared to their male counterparts. Further, it was established that the (Sexual Offences Act of 2006) also referred to as Njoki Ndung’u policy had to some extent protected them from Sexual Gender- Based Violence and that justice was sought from the police by the victims. The study findings indicate that public awareness as a strategy could improve the fight against Sexual Gender- Based Violence and that the public should be made aware about Sexual Gender- Based Violence policies. The study findings indicate that there was a lack of commitment to eliminate Sexual Gender- Based Violence by all stakeholders. It was the conclusion of this study that the SGBV targeting the woman was prevalent in Winam Division. The study further found that this could be attributed to the fact that the woman is seen as a weaker sex. Moreover, the study found that rape was the main form of SGBV in Winam Division. The study recommends that increased public awareness campaigns on SGBV should be enhanced within Winam Division to help push effective implementation of SGBV policies and women empowerment programmes run by main government organs in collaboration with the private sector demystifying the myth that the woman is a weaker sex. The study further recommends that the extent of sodomy and incest as additional forms of SGBV on the development of children in Winam Division should be investigated.