Influence of teachers’ demographic characteristics on information communication technologies integration in instruction in lower primary schools in Kiambu County, Kenya
Kiboro, Karanja David
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Globally, the important role played by the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education has grown with states heavily investing in the procurement of ICT equipment and training of teachers. In the year 2014, the government of Kenya embarked on an ambitious programme that entailed the introduction of laptops in public primary schools. The success of this programme is however contingent on ICT skills of teachers in schools because this is vital in ensuring pupils reap maximum benefits of the programme. The study investigated the influence of demographic traits of teachers on ICT integration in instruction in lower primary schools in Githunguri zone, Kiambu County. Objectives of study were; to identify the level of ICT integration in instruction in lower primary schools; to investigate the influence of teachers’ age on integration of ICT in lower primary schools; to determine how teachers’ gender influence the integration of ICT and finally to establish how teachers’ professional training influences integration of ICT in lower primary schools. The Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology was used to guide this study. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The study targeted all lower primary school teachers and head teachers. Lower primary school teachers were purposively sampled from 13 public schools and head teachers. The study sample comprised of 7 head teachers and 49 teachers. The researcher utilized a structured questionnaire and observation schedules in collecting data. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Results were presented using tables, figures and texts. Findings indicated that demographic factors influenced Teachers ICT integration in lower primary schools. The study recommended; training of teachers on integration of ICT in the learning and teaching activities and allocation of more resources to schools to support the utilization of ICT in learning and teaching.