Influence of parents’ socio – economic status on enrollment and retention among pre-primary school pupils in Kericho County, Kenya
Ketgeronye, Vivian C.
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Despite the undisputable role of education as a prerequisite for development, the importance of ECDE has not been fully appreciated in Kenya. A large proportion of pupils who enroll in Pre-primary school do not complete the eight-year cycle within the prescribed minimum period and a significant number do not complete the cycle at all resulting to high wastage in Kericho County. The main objective of this study was to determine parents’ socio-economic factors influence on enrollment and retention of pre-primary school pupils in Bureti sub-county, Kericho County. The study focused on socio-economic factors including parent’s level of income, occupation and size of the family as independent variables. Dependent variable was enrollment and retention. The study also established the influence of parents’ educational background on enrollment and retention of pre-primary school pupils. This study used the production function theory by Becker's (1993) to examine the relationship between independent and dependent variables. Descriptive survey design was used in this study to explore the trends in enrollment and retention of children in public pre-schools. The study targeted a population of 214 comprising of all the ECDE teachers of the public pre-schools in Bureti sub-county. The researcher made use of a questionnaire to collect data from the ECDE teachers. Quantitative data was tabulated and analyzed by descriptive statistics including frequency and percentages presented through tables and figures to show sample characteristics and major patterns emerging from the data. Qualitative data was analyzed through descriptive statements and the results were presented in charts and graphs from which generalization and conclusions were made. Results revealed that parents’ education, Size of the family, parent’s occupation and level of income re among the specific parents’ socio-economic characteristics that affects children enrollment and retention. There is a very strong positive correlation between parental level of education and pre-school children enrollment and retention. The results also show that there was a very strong positive correlation between parental income and child drop out. Also, there is a strong positive correlation between family size and child drop out. From the results the study concluded that the level of education can determine enrollment and retention among pre-school children as indicated by the strong positive correlation between variables. Again children from Bureti sub-county dropped out of school especially those from big families due to inadequate resources for the large number of children in school. Recommendations of the study were made that the parents be made aware of the importance of child education through compulsory education meetings in school. Teachers also should always engage the parents of the pupils to ensure the pupils get the basic needs. Teachers should be keen to know all their pupils and understand their back grounds.