Management of Students' Discipline in Secondary Schools: The Case of Migwani Division, Mwingi District
This study was focused on the views of the various stakeholders in the secondary schools of Migwani division, Mwingi District as pertains to the effectiveness of the school administrators in maintenance of discipline in their institutions. It sought to identify the causes of indiscipline, how indiscipline is handled in schools and the degree to which school administrators are efficient in their role of managing discipline. The rationale and motivation for carrying out this study was based on the premises that erratic indiscipline cases had been reported in the secondary schools in the division in the recent past and as it would be expected, this had limited education success in the institutions concerned. It is for this reason that this study attempted to examine school administrators' abilities of mobilizing human and physical resources in their institutions to enhance discipline amongst learners. Purposive stratified sampling was used to obtain a representative sample of eight (8) secondary schools in the division. The respondents in the sample schools included; school administrators, teachers and students. By administering questionnaires, data were obtained from respondents. Data obtained were subjected to analysis using the descriptive statistics to enable the study come up with conclusions and recommendations for the existing situation. The major findings were that indiscipline is caused by; peer pressure, drug abuse, inconsistency of punishment administration, poor up-bringing of pupils and poor student-student relationship. Based on the study findings, the main recommendations were: School administrators needed to be consistent and exercise impartiality when handling student disciplinary issues, they needed also, to facilitate through a participatory approach the establishment of; effective punishment or discipline policies, strong school culture based on respect rather than fear, and reinforcement program for desirable behaviour among students.