Teachers’ readiness for integration of information communication and technology in the teaching of biology in secondary schools of Bauchi state, Nigeria
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The aim of this study was to investigate teacher’s readiness for ICT integration in the teaching of biology in Bauchi state Nigeria. Readiness was considered at two levels, namely internal (skills and attitudes) and external (resources and administration’s support). Teacher’s readiness was measured regarding availability of facilities, teachers’ ICT skills, teacher’s attitudes and administration support. (i) there is very little integration especially in science subjects in Bauchi state. (ii) teachers do not have sufficient ICT resources in their schools, necessary to integrate ICT in teaching of biology. (iii) teachers do not have positive attitude towards ICT integration in teaching and learning.(iv) the administrative support of learning institutions do not provide ICT resources for the necessary support. The objectives of this study involve the following. (i) to the level of biology teachers’ ICT integration skills in Bauchi state, (ii) to explore the availability of ICT resources necessary for the integration of ICT in the teaching of biology. (iii) to establish the attitude of biology teachers towards the integration of ICT in the process of teaching and learning and (iv) lastly to investigate the administration support towards ICT integration in the teaching of biology. The study is guided by technology acceptance model theory. The study employed a descriptive survey design. The target population was 363 public secondary schools from the three zones of Bauchi state 133 secondary schools from South Zone, 110 from Central zone and 120 from North zone). The method employed was stratified random sampling, the sample size includes 68 students, 36 head teachers, and 36 school heads of institutions. A mixed boarding school was sampled for piloting the instruments. The respondents of the study were all the biology teachers, the form three biology students, and all the heads of institutions in the sampled secondary schools. Data was collected using checklists, observation schedule, questionnaires and interview schedule. The questionnaires were administered to biology teachers and biology students while the interview schedules were conducted on the heads of the institution. The data collected was analysed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). The findings revealed that for ICT to be effectively adopted in public secondary schools, more emphasis should be put in developing the competence of teachers. Teachers’ perception in terms of using ICT were found to be positive but hampered by other aspects such as unavailability of adequate equipment. The study recommends that teachers’ ICT development should be stepped up with corresponding supply of necessary equipment and training. Further continuous and consistent technical assistance should always be available for the teachers whenever required.