Molecular Docking and Pharmacokinetic Prediction of Herbal Derivatives as Maltase-Glucoamylase Inhibitor
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Objective: To perform molecular docking and pharmacokinetic prediction of momordicoside F2, beta-sitosterol, and cis-N-feruloyltyramine herbal derivatives as maltase-glucoamylase (MGAM) inhibitors for the treatment of diabetes. Methods: The herbal derivatives and standard drug miglitol were docked differently onto MGAM receptor using AutoDock Vina software. In addition, Lipinski’s rule, drug-likeness, and absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity (ADMET) properties were analyzed using Molinspiration, ADMET structure–activity relationship, and prediction of activity spectra for substances online tools. Results: Docking studies reveal that momordicoside F2, beta-sitosterol, and cis-N-feruloyltyramine derivatives have high binding affinity to the MGAM receptor (−7.8, −6.8, and −6.5 Kcal/Mol, respectively) as compared to standard drug miglitol (−5.3 Kcal/Mol). In addition, all the herbal derivatives indicate good bioavailability (topological polar surface area <140 Ȧ and Nrot <10) without toxicity or mutagenic effects. Conclusion: The molecular docking and pharmacokinetic information of herbal derivatives obtained in this study can be utilized to develop novel MGAM inhibitors having antidiabetic potential with better pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics profile.