Assesment of Guidance and Counseling Services in Kenyan Secondary Schools with Special Reference to Bureti District
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The study's intention was to find out the image of the provision of Guidance and Counseling Services in Kenyan Secondary Schools with special reference to Bureti District. Principally, the study assessed the prevailing situation in the provision of counseling programs. The specific areas that were assessed included Human and Material resources, attitude of the students and the teachers, the type of Counseling Services accorded to students, and, the support system available in these schools. Literature review was done on related studies from examples outside Africa, Africa itself and Kenya, with special emphasis to learning Instititutions. Studies outside Africa revealed that guidance and counseling has been started in most of the countries. In these countries it is organized by the Ministry of Education or Ministry of Labor. Some of these countries have conducted an Evaluation of the Guidance and Counseling programs. There were four theories which demonstrated the fact that Counseling Services at the moment is faced with several challenges but the effort of all the school stakeholders will help alleviate and improve the programs. The methodology of the study mainly consisted of survey design which employed random and purposive methods of sampling. Research was carried out in eight Secondary Schools of Bureti District. Three research Instruments were used in the study. A pilot study was carried out in a Girl and a Boy School to test the validity of the Instruments. Both descriptive and statistical methods of data analysis were used. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) was used to analyze data. The findings of the study showed that Guidance and Counseling programs have been established in most of the schools in Bureti District. It was shown that there is a shortage of human and material resources in these secondary schools and that all the stakeholders of the school do like and support counseling services but their degree of support varies. Parents and Agencies are the ones that give least support. The study concluded that much work that is evaluative-oriented should be carried out by every individual secondary school so that areas to be improved may be unveiled for better Guidance and Counseling Services.