Historical perspective of women's participation in sport
Controversies surrounding the involvement of women in sports date back to thousands of years i.e. during the time of Hummurabi and Plato there was no evidence of women's participation in organised sport, except in Ancient Sparta, which was one of the Greek City states where women exercised in squares under women trainers. The influence of asceticism and later that of scholasticism coupled with medieval concept of chivalry suppressed the participation of women in ,sport. It was not until the Renaissance period that women started participating in sport. During the seventeenth century women participated in "the gender «sport. Later the Turnverein movement, which was sponsored by Jahn and the Ling gymnastics movement accepted women into their organizational plans. Many scientific articles were presented claiming that women were biologically inferior to men and should avoid any competitive sporting events. This paper discusses those biological and biochemical differences between men and women.