Negotiating constraints to sport participation: The case of Kenyan University soccer players
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The purpose of this study was to determine the strategies used by male university soccer athletes to negotiate constraints towards sport participation. Some selected socio-demographic factors (year of study, .J parental SES, family involvement in soccer and birth rank) were correlated with strategies of negotiating constraints to sport participation. Data was collected through questionnaires from university soccer players (n=242) who were participating in a national university soccer championship. Pearson product moment correlation of coefficient was used to test the correlation between selected socio-demographic factors and strategies for constraint negotiation. Findings indicated that the majority of players (43%) were middle born, 31% were in second year of study, 38.42 % had played for the university team for 3 years and 47% ranked soccer as popular in their universities. The major strategies of negotiating constraints were time management and interpersonal coordination. The selected socio-demographic factors had weak associations with the strategies used to negotiate constraints to sports participation. Findings have implications to sport administrators in the universities and future researchers need to evaluate the association between participation motivation, constraints and constraint negotiation strategies of university athletes.