An assessment of the potential of life cycle Management system on project performance in the Building industry in abuja, nigeria
Usman, Napolean Daniel
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ABSTRACT The building industry (Bl) has continued to be a major player in the socioeconomic development of many countries globally. Apart from creating employment, it provides shelter to millions as well as operational infrastructure such as offices, schools and hospitals. The Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja continues to expand as a result of shift of the Federal Administration from Lagos to Abuja. This has attracted increased private and public investments in the BI to cater for the increasing population. Despite this expansion, issues of quality, costs, reliability, and human and environmental safety have posed a challenge to the growth of the BI. These issues are linked to the processes in building production. Studies express concerns over issues of poor quality and the high cost of buildings as well as longer duration before project completion which prevents the B1 from successful project delivery. Hence, this study focused on the assessment of the potentials of Life Cycle Management on project performance in the building industry in Abuja, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to: examine policies/procedural framework within the BI; investigate how adoption of initial phase principles may affect project performance within the BI; examine how planning phase principles influence project performance within the Bl; determine how implementation phase principles may influence project performance within the B1; and ascertain whether completion phase principles can improve project performance within the industry in Abuja, Nigeria. Data for this study was collected from a population of 231 0 (350 architects, 352 builders, 354 engineers, 354 Quantity Surveyors, 350 Urban and Regional Planners, and 350 contractors) and a sample of 341 representing 20% from a population of 2310. Proportional Stratified Random Sampling was used to select 341 samples and purposive sampling was used to select six projects from project files for qualitative data analysis. Data was collected by use of questionnaires and interviews. The responses to the questionnaires were coded and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17. Descriptive statistics and frequency tables were used to present the data. Chi-square statistics and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were conducted to test hypothesis at 95% level of significant. The study established that policy and procedural frameworks are not fully adhered to as stated in the National Building Code. It was established that from the initial to completion phases, LCM principles have not been adequately applied leading to projects being delivered at high cost, and to time and quality standards being compromised. Despite LCM principles successful use in B1 (UK, USA and Singapore), its use in Nigeria is yet to be optimal. The study recommends that LCM principles be adopted to improve project delivery according to time, cost and quality standards in the B1 in Abuja, Nigeria.