Effect of female genital mutilation FGM on the work performance of women working in Non-governmental organizations NGOs : a case of Hargeisa and Borama regions/Somali land
Mumin, Yurub Abdirahman
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The purpose of the study was to investigate the extent to which female genital mutilation (FGM) affect the work performance of women. Female genital mutilation is recognized by many as an issue of medical, social and legal concern. While the term "female genital mutilation" (FGM) has only recently been coined, the practice has a long and complex history. At present, female genital mutilation remains common in many cultures in Africa and the Middle East. The study was examining how Female Genital Mutilation (difficulty during childbirth, frequent pain during the period and physical and psychological problems) affect the work performance of women working in non governmental organizations (NGOs). The study was carried out on survey design to achieve its objectives. The sample of 60 women, working in non governmental organizations was selected randomly from the 5 NGOs existing in Hargeisa and Borama Regions. The study was done in Somaliland (Hargeisa and Borama Regions). This is because FGM is still performed there. The aim of the study was to look at how Female Genital Mutilation affects the work performance of women. Data collection used questionnaire (both open-ended and close ended questions) and face-to-face interview, so as to collected more complete, valid and reliable data. It was collected from 5 Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) which was selected from the 15 NGOs existing in Hargeisa and Borama regions. The data was analyzed with the help of computer software, the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). The results of the study provided useful information to non governmental organizations so that they could contribute to the development of women. The researchers used frequencies and percentages to summarize the data. The study found that women faced various problems including frequent pain during the period, difficult during giving birth as well as physical and psychological problems after they undergo the circumcision. The study found that girls undergo circumcision when they are at the age of 4-6 as 53.33% of the respondents said, this is where the physical and psychological problems are starting since the young girls have not choice to refuse process. The study found that women faced certain difficulties due to their dual role as mother and the office responsibility based on the findings of the study, it is recommended; education for women is very important to the realization of their work. Unless women's' education is promoted so that they realize their full potential, the status of women in Somaliland will remain low, and women's ability to work are likely to continue to be violated, so Somaliland society should support the activities of women in order to encourage their activities. The study concluded that female genital mutilation (FGM) has health implications on the women. It will lead to uncontrollable hemorrhage, frequently pain and infection since it is not done with hygienic and sterilized instruments. All such health problems and some other variables like frequently pain during the period, difficulty during the childbirth, physical and psychological problems will contribute the poor work performance of women, so Somaliland society including, religious people, youth, local organizations and government need to take steps to improve the elimination of this practice.
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