Strategies and Media for Teaching and Learning Oral Literature in Kenya: A Study
Ettyang, E. K. K.
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The main purpose of the study was to investigate the strategies and Media teachers and students used in teaching and learning Oral literature in selected secondary schools in Nakuru District with the view to determining their understanding and utilization of the same. Past studies and various oral literature scholars have emphasized the need to expose the learner to a variety of experiences if the teaching and learning or oral literature has to be complete. This, therefore, calls for the utilization of a variety of strategies and Media. However, no study on strategies and Media and the teaching of oral literature has been carried out. This study, therefore, is aimed at stimulating total but conscious and systematic application of strategies and Media in teaching and learning oral literature in Secondary Schools. The study was conducted in four maintained, four Assisted and four Private Secondary Schools. The target group was Secondary school teachers that handled Literature in English in schools that had registered candidates for the Kenya Certificate of Education examination in the subject, for at least the tast two years. This was hoped would give a clearer picture on strategies and Media applied in the teaching and learning of oral literature. The data was collected using a questionnaire which was completed by 87.5% of the targeted respondents. It had twenty six (closed and open) items which sought the following information: the teachers' qualifications and experience, their major source of oral literature material, understanding and utilization of strategies and Media and how strategies and Media were integrated in the teaching and learning of oral literature. Data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics; - a tally sheet for tneclosed-ended questions was prepared and their frequencies and percentages computed. For open-ended questions, coding frames wer~ developed and the responses classified according to the categories in the coding frames and their frequencies and percentages computed. The findings of the study revealed that the Teachers' understanding of strategies and Media was limited. There was an obvious over dependence on print Media at the expense of other Media. The application of strategies and Media in teaching and learning oral literature was incomplete, unconscious and haphazard. It is therefore recommended that Secondary teachers' training institutions (including the Universities) re-examine their syllabi to see whethertheyoffer the teachers who qualify a chance to acquire a sound understanding and application of strategies and Media in teaching and learning oral literature. Regular Seminars and inservice courses should be organized to give untrained teachers some basics on educational Media and to appraisse all teachers on the latest developments in this area.