Investigation of the challenges facing provision of Housing in Nakuru Town, Nakuru County: The Case of Bondeni Neighbourhood
Kanani, John Gathogo
MetadataShow full item record
The study aimed at investigating the challenges facing provision of \ housing in Nakuru town, an urban settlement within Nakuru County. The study objectives sought to establish the extent to which housing provision is being met in light of changing governance regimes over the years. This study was both qualitative and quantitative in nature. It adopted a case study survey design of Bondeni Neighbourhood. The sample size comprised 100 respondents. The number of respondents per estate was determined by its number of households, with those with a higher number having a proportionately higher number of respondents. The estates comprise Paul Machanga, Abong Lo Weye, Shauri Yako, Kivumbini, Kaloleni, Old Ojuka, New Ojuka and Nakuru Press. Most of the estates accommodation is single roomed units with no defined cooking space and with households having to use either shared or public ablution facilities. The Neighbourhood is home to more than 50% of the households occupying the Municipal Council rental Houses, borders Lake Nakuru Game Park and has structures constructed during the colonial era. Due to those reasons, the neighbourhood stood out as an ideal case for the study. The study established that 87% of the households lived in single rooms despite the minimum acceptable accommodation for a household being two rooms with a cooking area, a toilet and a bathroom. Acceptable housing in addition should provide open spaces, support facilities and physical infrastructure. Those provisions were found to be in a state of disrepair. With respect to socio-economic status, the households suffered from low levels of access to education, employment, health and security. Majority of households earned less than 6,264 shillings a month. According to African Development Bank criteria (April 20, 2011, Market brief www.afdb.org downloaded on 4th May, 2014) the majority of households (78% ) are in the poor and floating class with incomes ranging from Ksh. 6,254 to Ksh. 13,572. These households spend virtually all their incomes on food and can hardly afford to meet the cost of house rent, medical care and education. The legislative, policy and institutional framework pertaining to housing provision are encumbered by the County Government’s low capacity for interpretation, implementation and enforcement. Requisite manpower and resource-base needs to be developed for sustainable housing development and maintenance.