Determinants of male students' enrollment for early childhood education training in Kenya: A case of Kenyatta University
Murage, Moses I.
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In all spheres of children's life, there should be adequate gender representation. This means that both male and female role models need to be availed in their environment. This helps to ensure a balanced gender typing, where children become aware of their gender, recognize other people's gender as well as behave appropriately through the adoption of values and characters required of their sex by the society. However, there is a large disparity as far as gender is concerned in the early childhood workforce. This is in spite of a continued enrollment of male students for training in Early Childhood education in Kenyan universities and colleges. The purpose of the study will therefore be to find out factors influencing male students' enrolment for training in early childhood education. This will be important as it will provide information that may be useful in addressing gender disparity in early childhood service delivery. The objectives that the research intends to achieve are to find out the economic, family, individual and peer related factors that influence male students' enrolment for training in Early Childhood education. This information will be beneficial to the policy makers, researchers as well as institutions. The research is guided by Donald Super's theory of career development and Knunboltz's social learning theory of career which both presents a career choice as being affected by factors related to an individual and those in his/her environment. The researcher will employ a case study design that will make use of questionnaires in the process of gathering data from male students pursuing diploma and degree in Early Childhood Education in Kenyatta University. Kenyatta University offers early childhood under three modes and this attracts a large number of students both selfsponsored and government sponsored from all parts of the country, African Region and beyond. The population sample will consist of 50% of all the male students pursuing diploma and degree in Early Childhood across the three study modes consisting of Open, Distance and e-Leaming, Institution based and regular modes of study. The total number of respondents will therefore be 143 male students. The dependent variable will be the male students' enrolment for training in Early Childhood Education while the independent variables will be the factors that influence the male students' enrolment for training in Early Childhood Education. These factors will be categorized into individual factors on one hand and environmental factors comprising of family, economic, and peer influence factors on the other hand. The researcher will employ qualitative data analysis using descriptive statistics where data will be categorized into themes and subthemes in line with research objectives. Explanatory text will also be used in the course of data analysis.