Cost-benefit analysis in implementation of computer studies and it's implications to learning in Gatanga Muranga County.
Githinji, Paul John
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We are living in the digital age and hardly any aspect of human endeavour can be effectively carried on without Information Technology as a means of Communication. With this in mind it would be important for the Educational policy makers to come up with strategies that will make our Educational system adapt to the use of ICT. This can only be achieved if learners are computer literate. ICTs are now at centre of education reform in line with the technological development of the 21st century. Although computer studies was introduced into our curriculum almost a decade ago the implementation of the subject have not been fully achieved. This may be due to various factors. The study was carried out in the schools that are offering computer studies, in Gatanga sub-county, to assess the implementation of computer studies, establish how the schools have being meeting the cost of implementing computer studies and the benefits the subject may impact on the learners The study is done through a cost-benefit analysis. It tries to figure out whether the benefits outweighs its initials cost. It also gives the reasons as to why the study is worth and try to look at the factors that hinder the uptake of computer studies in secondary schools and the measure that should be taken to overcome the constrains. The theory chosen in the study is the Human capital, which state that for any economy to develop, the government must invest in the education of its people. It is noted that ICT-supported education can promote the acquisition of knowledge and skills that will empower students for lifelong learning, hence the need to implement computer science globally, in African and Kenyan institutions of learning. This can be done through funding and proper implementation of polices. Non-experimental descriptive survey was used since it is concerned with gathering facts. There are 38 secondary schools that made up the target population. A sample of 8 schools was used in the study. Stratified random was used to allow full participation of the schools. There were 76 HOD/computer studies teachers while the total number of students taking computer studies was 320. From the sampled schools 8 principals were considered. The number of HODlteachers considered was 15 while students were 64. This sample represented 20% of the total population. Data was collected using questionnaires, interview and observation schedule. A pre-test was carried out in one school. This was to assist in determining the accuracy and clarity the suitability of the instruments. The data collected was organised, tabulated and analysed using the computer Spreadsheet. Descriptive statistics was used to present the results of the study and the general trends, this involved tabulating, graphing and describing data This was followed by a discussion of the finding, drawing conclusions and giving recommendations based on the finding in the study. The study reviewed thatmost students taking computer studies could easily perform basics tasks on computer; inadequate infrastructure was the main issue leading to low enrolment. High cost of running the subject pushes the principals to charge extra fees to students taking computer studies. The researcher recommends that Government should intensify ICT funding in schools to help subsidize the high ICT costs and increase the number of computers in schools. The TSC should deploy more computers studies teachers in schools.