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The preparation of 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (HMF) from d-fructose in the presence of DMSO

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dc.contributor.author Musau, R. M
dc.contributor.author Munavu, R. M.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-06-05T07:33:16Z
dc.date.available 2014-06-05T07:33:16Z
dc.date.issued 198
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Biomass Volume 13, Issue 1,Pages 67–74 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/9794
dc.description http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0144-4565(87)90072-2 en_US
dc.description.abstract 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (HMF, 1) was produced in 92% yield when d-fructose was dehydrated using dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) at 150°C for 2 h. The optimum conversion occurred at a d-Fructose: DMSO molar ratioof 8.0. In addition to HMF, small quantities (⪷ 1%) of oxobis (5-methyl-2-furaldehyde), 4, were also obtained from the reaction. The amount of 4 was substantially increased (⪷ 30%) when the reaction was carried out in toluene as the solvent with borontrifluoride etherate as the catalyst en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (HMF) en_US
dc.subject DMSO en_US
dc.subject d-fructose en_US
dc.subject BF3-etherate en_US
dc.subject oxo-bis(5-methyl-2-furaldehyde) en_US
dc.title The preparation of 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (HMF) from d-fructose in the presence of DMSO en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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