Uptake and accumulation of aluminum by fish‐the modifying effect of added ions
Murungi, J. I.
Robinson, J. W.
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These studies showed that aluminum in water at acidities below pH 4.5 was taken up by fish and accumulated preferentially in the gills. This led to the rapid death of the fish. The toxicity of the aluminum was decreased at higher pH. Also certain ions, particularly Fe3+ and PO4 3‐ decreased the aluminum toxicity even at pH 4.5. However the presence of Ca++ of Mg++ did not modify the aluminum toxicity indicating that liming has little positive effect other than altering the pH of the water.