Trends in Hysterectomy for Genital Prolapse: Rural Experience
Chhabra, S. C.
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The present study was conducted to investigate the trends of vaginal hysterectomy for genital prolapse in last 20 years by analyzing case records of affected women. During the analysis period, 4831 women underwent hysterectomy; records of 4223 (87.5%) were available. Of these, 911 (21.6%), 2.7% of 34,080 gynecological admissions, had vaginal hysterectomy for genital prolapse (study subjects). Eighty percent women who had vaginal hysterectomy for genital prolapse were over 40 years of age; however, most of these women had had the disorder for years before they presented. Only 4 (0.4%) women had not given birth, 874 (96%) women had had two or more births, and 383 (42%) had had 5 or more births. Having given birth was the major factor responsible for genital prolapse. In all, 94.2% of women presented with something coming out of the vagina.” Some women presented with abnormal vaginal bleeding or pain in abdomen as the chief complaint although they had had uterovaginal prolapse for years. There was no mortality and morbidity decreased over the years. There has been no change in the rate of vaginal hysterectomy for genital prolapse over the years. Surgical morbidity decreased trend, possibly because of the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative precautions taken, especially preoperative treatment of urinary and genital tract infection. Attempts need to be made to have safe births and a healthy life style so as to prevent genital prolapse and in case it occurs, therapy to prevent progression so that major interventions like hysterectomy are averted. Meticulous preoperative evaluation and planned therapy help in reducing surgical morbidity, if surgery becomes essential.