Impact of Pre-vocational Rehabilitation Training on Personal Adjustment of Adventitiously Visually Impaired in Machakos Technical Institute for the Blind, Kenya
Mbwiko, Leonard Mutuku
MetadataShow full item record
The purpose of this study was to find out the impact of pre-vocational rehabilitation training on personal adjustment of the persons who were newly blinded. The study investigated the effects of age at onset of visual impairment, severity of vision loss, gender and level of education on personal adjustments. Purposive sampling techniques were used to select Machakos Technical Institute for the Blind as a case study among other rehabilitation training institutes in Kenya which are offering rehabilitation services to persons with visual impairments. Convenience sampling techniques were used to select all students who were adventitiously visually impaired admitted in the first term of 2006. Two similar psychometric test instrument interview schedules entitled "Personal Adjustment Level Status" adapted from both modified Semantic Differential Scale (SDS) constructed by Osgood et al. (1959) and Mwathi (1998) were used to the collect data. The major findings of the study were that pre-vocational rehabilitation training had significant effect on personal adjustment levels (PAL) of the adventitious visually impaired (AVI) with a p-value of <0.001. The age at onset: of the visual impairment had significant effect on personal adjustment of the AVI with a pvalue of 0.034, with the younger ones portraying higher adjustment levels. The severity of vision loss had no significant effect on personal adjustment of the AVI. with a p-value of 0.270 after training but the totally blind (ill) attained higher PAL mean scores (71.89) than low vision (LV) (63.50). The gender had no significant effect on PALs of AVI (p-value = 0.684) after pre-vocational rehabilitation training but males exhibited higher adjustment levels (M=71.40) than the females (68.64). The level of education had no significant effect on PAL of the AVI (p-value = 0.746) after training though the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) subjects had higher PAL mean scores (71.67) than Kenya Certificate of Primary Education (KCPE) subjects (69.17). The researcher recommends that; All adventitious visually impaired should be referred to rehabilitation centres soon after they are identified by the ophthalmologists in hospitals. Kenya Institute of Education (K.LE) should adapt the existing curriculum to include "Pre-vocational rehabilitation skills" as a distinct subject for learners who are visually impaired from pre-school to secondary schools. The same study to be replicated on other persons with special needs in order to enable generalization of the findings. A study should be undertaken to establish the preparedness of the teachers in institutions for the visually impaired in handling pre-vocational rehabilitation training in Kenya among others.